Expert – The New Indian Express


Through Express news service

BENGALURU: Noting China’s operational doctrine of seeking world power status and aggressively advancing on the space, military and cyber fronts, Defense Secretary Ajay Kumar said on Friday that India could not ignore the growing ambitions of his neighbor.

Speaking on “Preparations for War” at the inaugural ceremony of a three-day conclave to commemorate 50 years of India’s victory in the 1971 Indo-Pakistan War, Kumar said that while the country is celebrating the golden jubilee, it cannot lose sight of the security scenario it faces today. India cannot ignore that China no longer wants to remain a regional power, but aims for full military modernization by 2035 and the achievement of a world-class army by 2045, he added.

“The space of China, growing cyber capacities”

“We have witnessed China’s capabilities in shipbuilding, land-based conventional ballistic and cruise missiles, and integrated air defense. Its spatial and cybernetic capabilities have grown exponentially over the past decade. In December 2015, China set up a strategic force of the PLA (People’s Liberation Army), which is known to have the capacity to influence the electromagnetic spectrum, cyber and space spheres.

This all changes the way war is waged, ”he said, adding:“ From the data I have, after the United States, China has the most satellites in space. , 281, against 64 from Russia and 33 from India. . Emphasizing the need for India to prepare for unconventional warfare, Kumar said artificial intelligence, robotics and information, cyber warfare and space warfare play an important role as new technologies have an effect disruptor in the defense of any country. Kumar said, “This will change the symmetry between military powers and the potential to disrupt existing policies and doctrines.”

We must prepare for this while recognizing that China, in its doctrine, has prioritized what it calls “smart warfare”. He said cyber incidents in India have increased dramatically over the past two years. “They concern all sectors, including defense, and it is necessary to focus on the gray area and information warfare,” he added. “It’s important that we don’t lose sight of how things have changed and how we need to repeatedly prepare to deal with the type of security scenario today.

We now have a situation where there are several flashpoints that can turn into difficult situations, ”he said, citing the example of the Galwan Valley stalemate in May 2020.“ She has been effectively controlled by swift and effective action by our armed forces, but the position on the border continues to be strained and the fact that our adversary continues to develop its infrastructure and assets across the border remains a matter of concern. », Declared the senior official of the Ministry of Defense.

Regarding China’s increased activities in the South China Sea, he said it unilaterally claims the disputes as its own. “We continue to see cross-border proxy war and the facilitation of terrorism, especially in Jammu and Kashmir. The situation in Afghanistan today posed potentials for new challenges that could arise at any time. We are also seeing the presence of Chinese research vessels, fishing boats and other seemingly benign presences that could have more serious implications. “

The officer said India was taking several measures, including modernizing forces, speeding up procurement processes, integrating forces and improving infrastructure along the borders. “The Air Force has modernized over the past 4 to 5 years. Over the past five years 2.5 lakh crore has been spent on modernizing the Indian Air Force, ”he added.

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